Indian CitiesIndian cities depict an excellent picture or unity in diversity in the country. Apart from ranking high on the parameters like the infrastructure development, education facilities, development planning, and public administration, the metros also score well in the terms of preserving unique cultural heritage and societal values. Many locations have also been declared as 'protected areas' and world heritage sites by UNESCO. Let us have a look at the special features of some of the major cities in India
Delhi is the capital city of the country and ranks second with regards to population. Establishment of the region dates back to 50 century BC. The metro has always played a strategic role in controlling the civil administration of the country. Important administrative institutions like the Parliament of India (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha), Rashtrapati Bhavan (President House), and Supreme Court of India are located here. Other important spots worth seeing are the Red Fort, India Gate, Qutub Minar, Laxmi Narayan Birla temple, Jantar Mantar, Vijay Chowk, Delhi Cottage Industry, Lotus temple, Gandhi museum, Raj ghat, Shakti Sthal, National Gallery of Modern Art, Humayun's Tomb, and Jama Masjid.
Mumbai is the financial capital of the country and has earned a considerable respect in the world economy. It ranks first in the nation and fourth in the world with regards to population. Significance of the region can be understood from the fact that the metropolis contributes to the country's 70% of the maritime trade, 5% of the GDP, 70% of the overall capital transactions, and 25% of the industrial output. The city is unique in its own sense as its foundation lies on the physical union of seven different islands as Parel, Worli, Colaba, Mazagaon, Isle of Bombay, Mahim, and Old Woman's Island. The famous tourist spots here are the Gateway of India, Vidhan Bhavan, Mahalakshmi temple, Siddhivinayak temple, Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya (previously known as Prince of Wales museum), Mani Bhavan, Kanheri caves, and Taraporewala aquarium. The other tourist attractions include Esselworld, Global Vipassana Pagoda, Nehru planetarium, Nehru science center, Jehangir Art Gallery, Elephanta caves, National Gallery of Modern Art, Film city, Town Hall (Asiatic library), and Aarey milk colony.
Bangalore, the prime IT-hub of the country, is also a great tourist destination. Infrastructural development in the region can be understood from the fact that it is one of the top ten favorite destinations for entrepreneurship in the world. The metro is popularly known as 'The Garden City of India'. Lal Bagh or the botanical garden is worth visiting. It is more famous for a Lal Bagh rock which is more than 3000 million year old. Cubbon park is another important site and is a house for more than 150 general and special types of plants and trees. Famous historical monuments include Tipu Sultan palace, Bangalore fort, and Bangalore palace. Visvesvaraya Industrial and Technological Museum has a rich collection of some of the finest science centers in the country. HAL Aerospace Museum, Bangalore Museum, and Gandhi Bhavan are a must watch. Some of the major places of worship are Bull temple, ISKCON temple, and St. Mary's Basilica. Nandi hills, Butterfly Park, Bannerghatta National Park, and Ranganthittu Bird Sanctuary are some other attractions.
Chennai is the cultural capital of Southern India and is a major commercial and economic center. The famous film industry 'Kollywood' is located here. Marina beach, the world's second largest urban beach, Elliot beach, Guindy National Park, Snake park, are some of the most-visited spots in the city. Other attractions include Mahabalipuram (A UNESCO world heritage site), Kapaleeshwarar temple, Thousand Lights Mosque, Parthasarathy temple, St. George's Cathedral, and Vadapalani temple, Madras Crocodile Bank Trust, and Vandalur zoo.
Hyderabad is a major destination for education and IT-industry in the nation. It houses more than 13 universities and numerous reputed institutions for higher education. The famous telugu film industry, Tollywood, is situated here. Charminar is the most famous monument in the metro. Other prime tourist destinations include Mecca Masjid, Paigah tombs, Golconda fort, Purani Haveli, Chowmahalla palace, Asman Garh palace, and Spanish Mosque. Ramoji Film City, Jagannath temple, Birla temple, Birla Science Museum, Birla Planetarium, Lumbini Park, Nehru zoological park, Lotus pond, Ravindra Bharti, and Shilparamam should not be missed out during the visit.
Kolkata is a major trading center and houses Port of Kolkata, the oldest operating port in the country. Some of the finest institutions preserving rich cultural and educational values of the region are the Academy of Fine Arts, Victoria Memorial, Indian Museum, Asiatic Society, and National Library of India. Shaheed Minar, Marble Palace, Fort William, Nicco Park, Birla Planetarium, Belur Math, and Howrah Bridge add to the city's pride as a major tourist attraction.
Pune is another important educational and IT-hub and is one of the fastest growing cities in the nation. Considering its significance in the world economy, it is also ranked as a Gamma- Global City. The region preserves a rich culture of festivals and traditions of Maharashtra. Ganesh festival is a major event celebrated here. Kasba Peth Ganpati, Saras Baugh, Shanivar Wada, Parvati, Aga Khan Palace, and Shinde's Chatri attract a good number of tourists each year. Raja Dinkar Kelkar Museum and National War Museum are worth watching. Pataleshwar cave temple, Osho Ashram, and Katraj Snake Park are some other prominent locations.
Surat is the third-cleanest city in India and is a major hub for diamond cutting and export. Also popular as 'Embroidery Capital of India', the metro city handles more than 92% of the world's diamond cutting and polishing business. Some other terms used for the city are Manchester of India and Diamond Capital of the World. Textile industry is another major source of income in the area. Chintamani Jain temple, Surat fort, Dutch Garden, Vansda National Park, Science center, and Wilson Hills are the main places of interest.
Indian cities exhibit a great combination of cultural heritage and modernization. Along with providing state-of-the-art infrastructure and showing consistent dedication to the development of tourism industry, the administration here strives to make your trip pleasant and memorable.
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