Mysore Palace

Information on Mysore Palace, India

The most attractive monument in Mysore that strikes the visitor is the Mysore Palace. It was completed in 1911 on the foundations of the old Palace that was destroyed by fire in 1897. The well-known architect Henry Irwin designed it. The palace has now been converted into a museum displaying souvenirs, paintings, jewellery, royal costumes and other items, which were once possessed by the Wodeyars.

The exterior of the Palace has Indo-Saracenic features with a series of domes and arches. The building is 245 feet in length and 156ft in breadth and the gold-plated dome at the centre is about 145 feet from the ground. This three storeyed structure has beautifully designed square towers at various cardinal points covered by domes, some of them of ochre colour. Many varieties of stones like granite, gneiss and trap of dark grey and ochre colours have been used. Craftsmen from Jaipur and Agra along with local workers were engaged for crafting them.

Exquisitely carved doors open into stunningly luxurious rooms. The front of the palace has an open balcony supported by massive circular columns. The interior of the palace, especially the Durbar Hall is richly decorated. Replete with ornate ceilings, intricately carved massive doors, gleaming floors, frescoes depicting scenes from the epics Ramayana and the Mahabharatha, the entire scene exudes royal splendour.

The frontal open space, which is wide and the open quadrangle in the middle of the building, provides natural air conditioning. Arrangements to keep the various parts of the building cool are contemplated. Domes, parapet balconies, verandahs, minarets, cupolas and arches combine harmoniously to make the building a veritable masterpiece of lasting beauty. To the south of the building is the marriage pavilion or the Kalyana Mantapa with a centre octagonal gabled roof, covered by stained glasses. Tall slender cast iron pillars are arranged in-groups of three at the corners of the central octagon. These iron pillars got wrought at Glasgow in Scotland. The flooring of this magnificent Kalyana Mantapa has artistic geometrical patterns created by using glittering glazed tiles imported from England. The building has gorgeous chandeliers of Czechoslovakian make.