Harmandir sahib or Darbar sahib is also well known as the Golden Temple. This is the most sacred place for the Sikhs. The Harmandir Sahib is considered as one of the oldest Gurudwara's in India. This place was established by the Guru Ram Das; he was the fourth guru of the Sikhs and was situated in Amritsar. This is also known as "guru di nagri" that means city of Sikhs Guru.
Harmandir Sahib is considered sacred by all the Sikhs as they believe that their eternal Guru, the Sri Guru Granth Sahib is present inside this holy place even today. The main intention behind constructing this holy place is that all the women and men come at one place and worship God equally. The Sri Guru Granth sahib is considered as the holiest literature in Sikhs, he was the tenth guru of Sikhism known as the Guru Gobind Singh.
Harmandir Sahib means, House of God. Guru ram Das excavated a tank here in the year 1577 A.D, there after it came to be known as Amritsar this gave the name to the city which was growing around it. It is believed that in the due course there was a beautiful Sikh construction known as Harmandir Sahib was raised in the middle of the tank and later it became the supreme worship for Sikhism.
The foundation of the Golden temple is laid by a Muslim Saint Hazrat Mian Mir Ji of Lahore in the year 1588 December. The construction of this was totally under the observation of Guru Arjan Sahib and there were some other Gurus to assist him. This temple is erected on a lower level and unlike the Hindu temple that has only one entrance and one exist, this has 4 entrances and 4 exits. Hence he created a new faith in Sikhism. This temple is open for every one without any discrimination of caste, sex, religion and creed.
The Harmandir Sahib Covers an area of about 67 feet square platform including the tank. The main frame of the temple covers an area of about 40.5 feet square. An arch that is known as the Darshani Deori stands near the shore end of the causeway. The arcs that are to the door frame are about 10 feet in height and 8 feet 6 inches in breath.
These door pieces are decorated in artistic style. These open to the bridge that leads to the main temple building and this building is about 202 feet in length and about 21 feet in width. The main storey of the temple is gold plated that is crowned with dome that appears to be like an inverted lout. When the light of dawn falls on the temple it reflects in the tank and gives an ethereal atmosphere for the devotees.
Akal Takhat is right in the front of the golden temple. This is built by the 6th master, Guru Hargobind in the year 1609. This is also one of the famous centres of Sikhs. At This place the Sikhs used to hold court and congregation prayers in a day.
Another main area of the Golden temple is the Guru-ka-langar, it is actually a huge hall which as a capacity of holding about 35,000 peoples a day and they are fed for free by the volunteers.
Festival In Golden
Every night, the Granth sahib is taken to the Akal takht by a procession along the bridge. This is called as the Palki Sahib this provides a chance for the men to participate in the veneration of the holy book. This ceremony takes place at 11 pm in summer season and in winter it takes place at 9:30 pm.
Airways: there is an international airport in Amritsar that is named as Raja Sani international airport. There are regular flights to all the cities of India from Amritsar.
Railways: Amritsar is connected to all the major cites of India via rail routes. It is connected to Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Bangalore and Hyderabad.
Road ways: There are many state transport and luxury bus services available from Amritsar to all the major cities of India. There are also local bus and taxis services available from the bus station to Harmandir Sahib.
Best time to visit Harmandir Sahib:
Ideal time to visit Harmandir Sahib is from September to April as during this time there are festivals celebrated here and the climate is also very pleasant for the devotees. During the rest of the months the climate is either very cold or either very hot.