Patna Sahib Gurdwara is built as remembrance of Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth guru of the Sikhs. This is the birth place of the guru hence the Sikhs consider this a sacred place. This Gurdwara was built by the Maharaja Ranjit Singh; he was the first Maharaja of the Sikh Empire. This Gurdwara is built on the bank of the river Ganga in Patna, Bihar. Guru Gobind Singh was born on 22 December 1666. Patna Sahib is regarded as the centre for spreading Sikhism in the eastern parts of India. This place is considered as the second most accepted and recognized Takht of the Sikhs. This is also well known as the Takht of Sri Harmandir Sahib. This place is a holy place for the Sikhs not only because Guru Gobind Singh was born here but also because Guru Nanak and Guru Tegh Bahadur had visited this place. This is regarded as one of the sacred places of the 5 takht.
Few remainder of the Guru are preserved in this Gurdwara such as the 'pangura' with four stands that are covered with golden plates , sacred sword of the master, a pair of sandals and four iron arrows. 'Hukamnamas' the written word of Guru Gobind Singh and of Guru Tegh Banadur that are preserved in a book till date.
Legends say that a great devotee of Guru Nanak was very impressed by the teaching of guru Nanak and converted his luxurious haveli into a Dharmashala. Guru Tegh Bahadur when visited this had stayed here in this Dharmashala. Later this Dharmashala was turned into a Gurdwara. This is the place where now the sacred shrine of Harmandir sahib is placed.
This Harmandir sahib was damaged due to fire. Later this was renovated by the Maharaja Ranjit Singh. But unfortunately he was not there to see the beautiful structure of the Harmandir Sahib. He built it in marble and the architecture was also very beautiful Gurdwara.
There is a museum at the ground floor of the Gurdwara. There are paintings, footwear of Guru, swings and many such things that can be seen here.
People of all religions are allowed in the Gurdwara. There are no barriers of religion, caste, sex and creed while entering the Gurdwara. The devotees are not supposed to wear foot wear while entering the Gurdwara and as they enter they are supposed to touch the forehead at the door step of the Gurdwara.
Airways: There is a domestic airport located in Patna. There are regular flights that are operated from here to all the major cities of India. It is connected to Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Ahmedabad and Lucknow.
Railways: Patna is a main railway junction in Bihar. Patna is connected to all the major cities of India via rail line.
Road ways: there are state transport and luxury bus services available from Patna to all the major cities of India. There are even local and taxis services available from bus station to Patna Sahib.
Best time to visit Patna Sahib
Ideal time to visit this place is in December as they celebrate the birth anniversary of the Guru Gobind Singh.