Orissa is one of the Eastern States in India that is blessed with a rich culture and heritage. Many tourists visit the state in order to explore its hidden treasures, to know about the rich culture and enjoy its vividness. This state houses a number of wildlife sanctuaries that are places worthy to visit. The climate of the state is favorable for the growth of a wide variety of vegetation and survival of wild animals. Belghar wildlife sanctuary spreading over a large area boasts of the long tusked wild animals that are found in plenty in the sanctuary area.
The focus of attention in the Belghar sanctuary is the long-tusked elephants. These were used by the erstwhile kings in the battlefields. These became the symbol of masculinity in that age. Thus these creatures have become the pride of the jungle here.
Area and location:
It a large sanctuary that encompasses a huge area of 16, 174, 46 acres. The cultivated area of the sanctuary is 3876.44 acres. The rest of the area is reserved for forests and other purposes. It is situated at an altitude of 2255fet above the sea level.
The sanctuary is located in Belghar that is almost 158 km away from the city of Phulbani in the district of Kandhamal. Tribal communities who are known as Dogria Khond reside in this area. The profession of these tribes is shifting cultivation.
The Belghar wildlife sanctuary boasts of a wide and exotic array of wildlife. It is located in tropical deciduous forest belt and hence houses a number of rare plant species. During the spring time, these plant species shed their leaves. Many of them can rise to great heights while others have strong medicinal and commercial values.
Apart from the floral species, you will also find many faunal species. The wild elephants are the major attractions in the sanctuary. These long tusked wild animals attract a number of tourists from every nook and corner of the state. The long tusks of the wild elephants are used to carry the heavy trunks of trees. Small herbivores like deer and aves are also found in the sanctuary.
As already mentioned, the main profession of the tribes here is the shifting cultivation. These tribal folks use the products yielded by the forests. It is very interesting to know that the local drink of the tribal people is made by mixing the juice extracted from salap and dead palm.
When to visit?
The months between October and May are the best time to watch the wildlife of the sanctuary.
The nearest railway station is at Phulbani that is 158km away from the sanctuary.
It is well connected to all other cities in the state. You can take A/C or Non A/C coaches from other states in order to reach Orissa. Then you have to hire private cars or other vehicles.
You will feel excited to know and watch the simple lifestyle of the tribal people. Dogria Khond and Bonda community are the main tribes residing in the area. The latter one is considered to be one of the most primitive tribes of the country.
The Belghar wildlife sanctuary truly becomes the pride of Orissa. It protects and preserves a number of wild animals. For nature lovers and wild life enthusiasts, this can be an ideal place. Take a short adventurous trip to this heaven in one of the most beautiful states in India.