The tourism of Uttar Pradesh has been very instrumental in making the state very popular. Forts, monuments, national parks, temples, religious fairs and many others beckon tourist not only from India but throughout the globe. While visiting forts, museums and monuments, you can be enlightened with the history and culture of the state. But if you want to visit the parks and sanctuaries, you would be acquainted with the flora and fauna. Chandra Prabha sanctuary in the eastern region of the state displays a wide range of wildlife.
Wildlife of Uttar Pradesh:
The climate of Uttar Pradesh is mainly sub-tropical; the average rainfall ranges from 1,000- 2,000mm in the east to 600-1,000 mm in the west. With all these the state is blessed with amazing array of flora and fauna. Almost 13% of the land is covered by forests. Many common and rare species of plants, birds and animals are found in these forests. The state bird is Sarus Crane and the state animal is Swamp Deer. While Ashok is the state tree, Brahm Kamal is the state flower. There are a number of national parks and wildlife sanctuaries in the state that help in maintaining the ecological balance.
It cannot be denied that the Chandra Prabha sanctuary is one of the lesser known sanctuaries in the country. But what makes the sanctuary popular is that it provides you an out-of-the-world-experience. Dense forests, wonderful picnic spots, scenic beauty, sublime streams are the highlights. The following information about the Chandra Prabha sanctuary would help you to a great extent.
Established in May 1957 the sanctuary has been preserving and conserving a number of wild animals. In 1958 Asiatic lions were introduced in the sanctuary. There was a rise in the number of lions; from 3 the number of elephants increased to 11 by 1969. But it was very unfortunate that the next year many lions were found missing.
Area and location:
The sanctuary is located in the eastern region of the state. It is situated 70 km Southeast of the Varanasi city on Naugarh and Vijaigarh hillocks in the Vindhya forest range in Chandauli. It encompasses an area of 78 sq. km.
Chinkara and Panther remain the major attraction of the Chandra Prabha sanctuary. Other than this you will find Porcupine, Sambhar, Nilgai, Wild boar, Blackbucks, Chital and Indian gazelle and 150 odd species of Birds. There are reptiles also among which alligators and pythons would surprise you.
The floral species of the forest include typical dry deciduous forests composed of gneiss and laminated stone. You will find vegetation like tendu, koraiya, mahua, saagun, amaltas, ber etc.
When to visit?
The region experiences the typical Indian weather conditions. Summer lasts from April to July with a temperature ranging from 30°C to 38°C. Winter is from November to January and the temperature is around 11°to 15°C. So you can visit the sanctuary during September to February.
Food and accommodation:
There are no accommodation facilities at the sanctuary. You can accommodate in Varanasi that is only 70 km away from the sanctuary. Hotel M. M. Continental, Radisson Hotel Varanasi, Pallavi International Hotel, etc. are some of the best hotels in Varanasi. You can plan a 1 day trip. Snacks and meals are available in the eating joints near the sanctuary.
You have to hire a private car in order to reach the park from Varanasi. The nearest rail junction is Varanasi which is well linked with major parts of the country. The nearest airport is at Babatpur that is only 22 km away from Varanasi.
Visiting some more places:
You can visit the cultural and ancient city of Varanasi with a number of attractions like Temples, Jantar Mantar, Bharat Kala Bhavan and the Archaeological Museum.
Although the Chandra Prabha sanctuary has never been in the limelight, but many environmentalists and nature lovers visit the place. Throw away the hurries of your life, pack your bags and relax in the lap of nature while enjoying the wild lifestyle of animal kingdom.