The Hazaribagh National Park is perched in the Hazaribaug District of the newly formed Indian state of Jharkhand. It is situated under the twin threats of a highway expansion and a railway project. The sanctuary occupies a wide area of 184 sq km and lies at an altitude of 615 m. from the sea level. Steep hills with dense tropical forests, grassy meadows and rich biodiversity are what make the sanctuary one of the prominent national parks in India. It is the oldest and the most famous protected areas in the country.
Here follow a few valuable facts regarding the sanctuary which will definitely encourage you to visit this beautiful national park in India.
The Hazaribagh sanctuary
Rich Flora of the Forests:
The sanctuary has dense tropical forests and especially in the rainy season the jungle looks so different with grassy meadows covering widely spread tracts of land. It looks as if some green carpet has been spread to welcome the rains.
Fauna Found in Hazaribaugh Sanctuary:
The Hazaribagh National Park boasts abundant biodiversity as regards the fauna. Among the main species of animals found here in the Hazaribaugh sanctuary, Chital, Panther, Nilgai, Sambar, Tiger, Sloth Bear and Wild Boar. The Kakar, Nilgai, Cheetal, Wild Boar and Sambar are among the most easily and profusely found animals especially near the waterholes at dusk. The population of the tigers is declining and tigers have been declared to be the endangered species here. The 1991 Census shows that there were only 14 tigers left in the park. Very rarely you come across a tiger and when you do, it's like a dream come true.
Tourists can reach the remotest corners and masonry towers of the park by the 111-km long stretch of the road in the sanctuary. The road, is of immense importance for the zoologists and bird watchers as from here one can spot out many of the wild animals. There are quite a few watchtowers in the forest which make the sight of the wildlife easy and more thrilling. Forests of Hazaribaugh have been the house of some tribal population in India.
Other Attractions Around:
The Palamau Forest Reserve which is yet another important wildlife project in Bihar, is pretty near from the Hazaribaugh National Park.
You can also visit the Canari Hill, which is just 5 km away from the park. You can also set out on some exciting excursion tours of Rajrappa Falls and Suraj Kund Hot Spring, which are located at a distance of 89 km and 72 km respectively.
Tourists are supposed to be the responsible people and should not cause any damage to the rare floral and faunal life. Tourists are not allowed to pluck any herbs, plants or flowers and take them home. Smoking is prohibited in the reserved forest area of the National Park. Carrying any explosives inside the sanctuary is strictly prohibited. Polyethylene bags are not allowed in the forest. Play loud music, radio and tape recorders is not allowed here as the radio frequency and voice might disturb, scare or irritate the animals.
Hazaribagh experiences Tropical Climate. Summers are hot and winters are cold. During summer the mercury level crosses the level of 40 degrees and it becomes very difficult for the inhabitants of the forests to cope with the scorching heat. Hence whenever you plan a trip to Hazaribaugh National Park, better plan it in winter.
You can get to the Hazaribaugh Sanctuary by air pretty easily as the nearest airport Ranchi is well connected with New Delhi, Kolkata, Lucknow and Patna by regular and comfortable Indian Airline Flights.
Koderma is the nearest railhead which is around 60 km from here. Hazaribaugh is well connected to places like Ranchi (91 km), Dhanbad (128 km), Patna (235km) and Gaya (130 km).
This was all about the sanctuary. Plan a trip here and have a thrilling sight of the rare wildlife. You will love it!