Arunachal Pradesh, a treasure trove in North East India is replete with tourist attractions. Picturesque locations, places of religious importance, rivers and rivulets, wildlife conservation and villages depicting the typical tribal lifestyle make it an interesting state for the tourists. Wildlife forms an important dimension of the state tourism industry. With national parks, biosphere reserves and wildlife sanctuaries, this place offers a lot to the travelers. Namdhapa national park is one of the most significant national parks in the state.
The Namdhapa national park, declared as a wildlife sanctuary on 2nd Oct, 1972 is marked for its topography. It was declared as a Tiger Reserve in the year 1983 as the 15th Tiger Project of the country. The unexploited beauty and the diverse range of flora and fauna of the park beckon travelers from all over the country.
The name of the park is derived from the name of a river that originates from Daphabum. The term "Dapha" is the name of a hill, while the second part "Bum" symbolizes the peak of hill. This river meets Noa-Dehind River that flows across in a north-south direction of the park. Thus the name Namdhapa is given to the park.
Again in the local Singphoo language, 'Nam' signifies water or river, while 'Dapha' means the name of a clan of Singphoo tribe.
Area and Location:
Covering a vast expanse from valleys to snow-capped mountains, this park spreads over 1985.23 sq km and hence becomes one of the top 10 national parks in India in terms of area. It is also the largest protected area in the Eastern Himalayas Biodiversity hotspot. The core area of the park and the buffer area as declared in 1983 were 1808 sq km and 177 sq km respectively.
Located in the Eastern Himalayas sub-region, it lies on the Indo-Myanmar border within the Changlang District of Arunachal Pradesh. The nearest town, Margherita is 62 km away from the park.
With altitudes ranging from plains to 4500 meters in the snow-clad mountains along with high annual precipitation, the rich vegetation of the park is really worth-visiting. 73 species of lichens, 112 species of Heridophytes, 59 species of Bryophytes, 801 species of Angiosperms and 5 species of Gymnosperons, etc. are commonly found in the park.
The vegetation can be classified in 3 categories like temperate, alpine and tropical vegetation. Other than all these, several species of trees, shrubs, medicinal herbs and rare orchids can be traced in the park. One of the most interesting facts about the park is that it has more than 150 species of timber.
Musk Deer, Leopard, Assamese Macaque, Slow Loris, Pig-Tailed Macaque, Red Panda, The Wild Goat, Stump-Tailed Macaque, Patloi Range, Gaur, Elephant, Gibbon, Goral and the Hoolock Gibbon are the commonly found wild animals in the park.
Endangered birds like Jungle Fowls, the great Indian Hornbill, Pheasants and White Winged Wood Ducks enrich the avifauna of the park.
Best time to visit:
The climate of the park varies from place to place due to the difference in altitude ranging from 200 meter to 4571 meter. Although the weather of the Namdhapa national park remains cold all throughout the year, yet the months between October and March are the best. The coldest time is from December to February and the south-west monsoon season is from June to September
Deban Rest House or other hotels in Margherita would be right for your accommodation.
How to reach the park?
- The nearest airport is at Dibrugarh that is 163 km away from the park
- Ledo at a distance of 56km from the park is the nearest railhead
- You can take buses from Margherita which is 62 km away from the park
The Namdhapa national park, displaying attractive varieties of species proves to be an important resource for tourism of its state. A large area of the park is inaccessible. So its pristine beauty is unspoilt. Visit the various forms of nature in this park to have a larger than life experience.