If India is a necklace worn by our beautiful planet, then Assam can be termed as a sparkling gem of this necklace. Assam, one of the 'Seven Sister' states in north eastern India has a lot of tourist attractions including wildlife sanctuaries and national parks. Nameri National Park in the Sonitpur district is a haven for many rare wild animals. Lots of travelers come here for an exciting trip while watching the flora and fauna of this park.
Located in the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas, this park is the second tiger reserve of Assam. It is also one of the most threatened reservoirs of animal and plant life in the world.
Area and Location:
Nameri was established as a sanctuary on 18th September in the year 1985. At that time the total area of the sanctuary was of 137sq. km. This area actually belonged to the Nadur Forest Reserve. After that another 75 sq. km. was added to the park. With a total of 212 sq. km Nameri got the status of a national park in 1998. Nameri Tiger Reserve occupies an area of 344 sq. km.
It is situated at Sonitpur district, Tezpur. The location of the park is simply stunning. It is very natural that a park located at the foothills of the Himalayas would be very beautiful. Moreover the park shares its north eastern side with the Pakhui Sanctuary of Arunachal Pradesh. River Bor Dikorai, Jia Bharali River and other tributaries also run through the other sides of the national park lending it a picture-perfect look.
Wildlife: The rich wildlife of the park is really worth0watching. More than 30 species of mammals, 315 species of birds, reptiles and fishes find their home in this park. Mammals include Leopard, Clouded Leopard, Dog Deer, Tiger, Slow Loris, Black Panther, Himalayan Black Bear, Wild Pig, Assamese Macaque, etc.
Birds include White Winged Wood Duck, Fairly Blue Bird, King Vulture, Three Toed Kingfisher, Long Billed Ring Plover, Hill Myna, Pin Tailed Green Pigeon, Ibis Bill, Himalayan Pied Kingfisher, etc.
King Cobra, Indian Soft Shelled Turtle, Keeled Box Turtle, Python, Asian Leaf Turtle, Cobra, etc. are the reptiles commonly found in the park.
Not only these, you would also watch rare fishes like Silghoria, Golden Mahseer and Sharot Gilled Mahseer.
Vegetation: Tropical evergreen, semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forest is the main vegetation of the park. Less than 10% of the park is covered by grasslands. Bonjolokia, Hatipolia akhakan, Amari, ahollock, Simul, Bonsum, etc. are some important moist deciduous species.
Best time to visit:
November to March is the best time to visit the park as the climate is moderate during that time.
You can stay at Nameri Eco camp owned by the Assam Bhoroli Angler's Association. Otherwise you can stay at any of the good hotels of Tezpur and Jorhat.
How to reach the park?
The park is only 35 km away from Tezpur which is well connected with Guwahati, the capital city of Assam. Guwahati is 220 km, Jorhat is 215 km and the famous park Kaziranga National Park is 125 km away from the park respectively.
The nearest airport is Saloni, 10 km from Tezpur and nearest railhead is Rangapara, 21 km from the park. Buses ply regularly to and from Tezpur. So it is really very convenient to reach the park.
Nameri National Park displaying a wide range of flora and fauna blended with the pristine natural beauty becomes a major tourist attraction in Assam.