The Palamau Tiger Reserve has been constituted in the western part of the Chhotanagpur plateau in the Indian state of Bihar. The forest is spread over the area from the Latehar-Sarju road in the east to Madhya Pradesh border in the west and from the edge of the Netarhat hill range in the south to the Auranga River in the north. The forest of Palamau comes in the catchment area of the river North Koel. The name Palamau needs some explanation here. The forests of Palamau are rich with the trees of Palas and Mahua and hence the blending 'Palamau'.
Palamau Tiger Reserve
Palamau is one of the most significant tiger reserves in the world and definitely one of the most important sanctuaries in India. The Reserve was created in the year 1973 when Project Tiger was initiated in India. The present area of the sanctuary has been constituted either as Reserved Forest or as a Protected Forest under the Indian Forest Act 1927. Before this reserve came into existence the management of these forests was a commercial endeavor. The area housed some cattle camps then and was open to grazing.
Moist Peninsular Sal, Dry Bamboo Brakes, Dry peninsular Sal, Moist peninsular low level Sal, Northern dry mixed deciduous, Northern secondary moist deciduous and Aegle Forests are the major types here in the Palamau Tiger Reserve.
Following are the major species of plants and herbs found in the Palamau Tiger Reserve: Acacia catechu, Shorea robusta, Butea monosperma, Madhuca indica, Terminalia tomentosa, Pterocarpus marsupium, Adina cardifolia, Anogeisus latifolia, Indigofera pulchela, Moghania spp, Mallotus phillipinensis, Holarrhena antidysentrica, Bothriochloa montana, Apluda mutica, Chrtsopogan montanus,, Themeda spp., Chloris spp, Heteropogon contortus, Albizzia lebbek, Bauhinia spp., Chloroxylon swietnia, Lagerstroemia parviflora, Diospyros melanoxylon, Buchhanania lanzan, Bridelia retusa, Bombax ceiba, Mitragyna parviflora, Lannea coromandlica, Holoptelia integrifolia, Imperata arudinacea, Dendrocalamus strictus
Palamau Tiger Reserve as the name itself suggests, is one of the safe shelters for the endangered tigers in the world. Apart from tigers, animals like Leopard, Cheetal, Sambar, Barking Deer, Wolf, Wild Dog, Elephant, Mouse Deer, Pangolin, Fourhorned Antelope and Indian Ratel are found in plenty here in the forests of Palamau.