If you are a nature lover, if the unending seas, miles of beaches, rainforests, backwaters, lush green landscapes, mountain meadows, etc. impress you, then you must land in Kerala, 'God's own country'. Among other attractions, Kerala's wildlife draws tourists from all over the world. Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary, Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary, Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary, Peechi Vazhani wildlife sanctuary, etc. are some of the significant sanctuaries in the state.
Peechi Vazhani wildlife sanctuary has a rich abundance of flora and fauna. So if you are planning a trip to Kerala, then pay a visit to this sanctuary. Just cast a glance at the following that focus on the important aspects of the sanctuary:
The sanctuary lies in the catchment area of two dams named Peechi and Vazhani. From these two dams, the sanctuary derives its name.
Area and Location:
Established in the year 1958, the sanctuary is located about 20 km east of Thrissur or Trichur. Thrissur known as the 'cultural capital of Kerala' is about 290 km north of Thiruvananthapuram, the state capital.
It spreads over the forest areas of Palappilli - Nelliyampathi which further cover areas of Chimminy wildlife sanctuary. Actually the sanctuary forms the northern boundary of the Chimminy wildlife sanctuary. It covers an area of 125 sq km in the catchment area of the Peechi and Vazhani dams. The area is marked by undulating terrains and the altitude ranges from 45m to 900m.
Flora and Fauna:
Peechi Vazhani wildlife sanctuary is a paradise for the nature lovers and environmentalists. It houses a wide range of fascinating flora and fauna. Moist deciduous, evergreen and semi-evergreen forests are the primary vegetation of the area.
Flora: Almost 50 orchids and medicinal plants are found here. Irul, Teak, Rosewood, Thenmavu and Venteak grow in plenty in the wet leaves shedding forests. Justicia simplex, Terminalia paniculata, Adina cordifolia, Tectona grandis, Vitex altissima, Bombax ceiba, Spondia pinnata, Emidesmus indicus, Solanum torvum, Centella asiatica, Solanum xanthocarpum, Anthocephalus cadamba, Aristolochia tagala, Tylophora asthamatica, Melothria madraspatana, Mesua ferrea, Bacopa monnieri, Pongamia glabra, etc. originate in the moist deciduous forests.
Lagerstroemia microcarpa, Artocarpus hirsutus, Hopea parviflora, Toona ciliata, Mangifera indica and Vitex altissima are seen in the semi evergreen forests. Karakil, Kalpine, Whiteakil, Ambani, Kambakam, etc. are found in the sparsely grown evergreen forests.
Fauna: The dense forests also provide refuge to many wild animals. Mammals, reptiles and birds- a variety of all these can be seen here. 60 types of birds, 10 varieties of snakes, 40 species of fishes, 17 species of amphibians and 39 mammal species in the sanctuary will enthrall you. The hissing, chirping, chattering, shrill cries and many more of the jungle animals would provide you an enlivening experience.
Tiger, Fox, Elks, Barking Deer, Leopard, Deer, Spotted Deer, Sambar, Elephant, etc. are the commonly found animals. In the recent past, an ornithology survey was conducted in which many rare species of birds were found out.
Where to stay?
There is a rest house in the forest area where you can accommodate easily.
When to visit?
The climate remains pleasant throughout the year except the summer months. The average rainfall is 3000 m. October to March is the best period to visit the sanctuary.
- By road: You can take buses that regularly ply from Thrissur to Peechi. Peechi is well linked by a well-maintained wide network of roads.
- By air: Cochi International Airport is located at a distance of 98 km from the park. This is the nearest airport.
- By rail: The nearest railway station is at Thrissur that is positioned at a distance of 200 km away.
Some other places to visit:
Guruvayurappan Temple, Peechi Dam, Anakkayam Art Museum, Chavakad Dhoni Gokulam Guruvayur Museum, Punnathur Kotta Vadakkumnathan Temple, Kalpathi Kanhirapuzha Dam, etc. are some of the best places in and around Thrissur.
Ponmudi peak is the highest peak in the sanctuary. It is really a delight to view the sanctuary from the crown of the peak that is 923m high.
This was all about the Peechi Vazhani wildlife sanctuary. After this virtual tour, don't get late in paying an actual visit to the place for an experience of a lifetime.