The Sunderban National Park, also known as the Sunderbans National Park or the Indian Sunderbans is a premier tourist attraction in India. The picturesque setting of this National park which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site attracts tourists from all over the country.
Located in the south 24 Parganas district in West Bengal and covering a total area of 4,264 sq km in India, this national park was declared as a Biosphere Reserve in 1989. It is also the largest tiger reserve in India and one of the largest tiger reserves for the Royal Bengal Tiger.
It is very interesting to know that the Sunderbans form a part of the world's largest delta. This delta is formed by the mighty rivers Meghna, Brahmaputra and Ganges. World's largest estuarine forest, this region is covered by mangrove forests across islands and under water.
The beauty of the Sundarbans region offers a visual treat to its gazers. The Indian Sunderbans displays a rare combination of land meeting water and the transition between fresh water of the river Ganges and saline water of Bay of Bengal.
Home to 248 species of birds, 58 species of mammals, 55 species of reptiles and the largest number of Royal Bengal Tiger that is Panthera Tigris, this national park becomes a paradise for the wildlife lovers.
Although this national park is known by various names, but the name had been derived from a mangrove plant known as Sundari, that is Heritiera Minor.
The Sunderban National Park enjoys severe rainfall with high humidity. The average maximum temperature is 34 °C whereas the minimum temperature is 20 °C. Mid-June to mid-September is the time when monsoon prevails.
Flora and Fauna:
It is very interesting to know that the fascinating flora and fauna of Sundarbans can adapt themselves to the saline and aqua environments. They can withstand the tidal effects to a large extent.
The mangrove forests which consists of 64 plant species remains to be the chief attraction of the Sunderbans beside the wildlife. Dhundal, Sundari, Goran, Kankra, Khalsi, Passur, etc. are some of the commonly found plants and trees.
When we speak of the Sunderban National Park, we cannot just miss the Royal Bengal Tigers. More than 400 tigers have found their homes in Sunderban.
The chital deer, Common otter , rhesus monkey, Ridley Sea Turtle, Gangetic Dolphin, King Cobra, Green Whip Snake, Chequered Kil-Back, Estuarine Crocodile Fishing Cat , Water Monitor lizard and Hawksbill Turtle make this national park a popular tourist spot in India.
Sunderban proves to be a birdwatcher's delight. One can view birds like swamp francolin, herons, storks, sand pipers, darters, teal, etc. Watching these innocent creatures living amidst nature will be a beautiful part of your trip.
As the national park is an important tourist attraction, it is very natural that there are many hotels and resorts. You can accommodate in hotels and resorts like- Sunderbans Jungle Camp, Sunderbans Tiger Camp, Sunderban Mangrove Retreat, Sunder Chital Tourist Lodge, etc.
You need to book your hotel room well before your trip during the peak seasons.
Experience on the MB Sundari: If you want a one-of-a kind experience in the Sunderbans, then you must stay in the MB Sundari. This amazing river-launch looks like a nature lover's nest. 8 people can accommodate comfortably. MB Sundari is fully fully-equipped with kitchen and bathrooms.
So if you plan a trip with your friends or family, then the MB Sundari experience would be very delightful. It would really be fun to watch the wonders of nature residing in a floating abode.
- Railway: You can travel by train, the nearest railhead being at Canning, 48 km away
- By Air: The nearest airport is at Dum Dum in Kolkata
- By water: You can avail motor launch services from Sonakhali, Raidighi, Najat and Namkhana. There are different types of motor services; the costs of these services are different depending on the distance. For example, it takes 5 hours to reach Kalas from Raidighi and 2.5 hours to reach Bhagabatpur Crocodile Project from Namkhana
- By road: By road you can easily travel from Najat, Canning, Sonakhali, Namjkhana, Raidighi, etc
With so much of variety and beauty, a trip to the Sunderban National Park would thus be a fruitful experience.