Arunachal Pradesh

Travelling to a state filled with natural beauty all around and meeting the warm hearted and hospitable people compel us to visit such place over and over again. Arunachal Pradesh is one of such states, where you can find your peace of mind at its peak that will attract you to go back there. This 'Land of Rising Sun' or the 'Land of Dawn Lit Mountains' in India with the serene Himalayan range is a major tourist attraction. It is also called as the home of orchid flower that bloom in varied species across the state.

The State's Introduction

The state of Arunachal Pradesh lies in the north eastern region of India. The neighbouring states of Assam and Nagaland cover its southern part, while Bhutan, Myanmar and People's Republic of China are its foreign neighbours. A greater part of this land is surrounded by the Himalayan range, except for a small part covered by the Patkai Hills (Lohit, Tirap and Changlang) and the Himalayan foothills. It also extends to the border of Assam with the Brahmaputra plains, comprising a wide range of the semi-evergreen forest area.

During the British rule, this state was considered as a part of Assam. Even after gaining independence, it was still Assam's alliance till it became a Union Territory in 1972. Finally, Arunachal Pradesh received its due recognition and was declared a separate 'state' in February 1987.

Currently, there are seventeen districts here with its capital and largest city in Itanagar. Agriculture and forest products are the main sources of economy. Handloom and handicrafts is also a booming industry sector, apart from fruit preservation, plywood, sawmills, etc. The opportunities of the tourism sector were still unexplored a few decades back. However, this phase is growing and the state is now a popular destination of India.

Places to See

The Himalayan belt in Arunachal Pradesh with its snow clad mountain ranges is the main charm of this state. The sunrise and sunset view on these mountains look marvelous! Tawang is a famous hill station with a Budhhist monastery called 'Anni Gompa'. This is in a remote place and one has to take the help of a guide or local resident to reach the monastery. Other places to visit in Tawang are the Noora Nag falls and the Madhuri Lake. You should not miss the 'War Memorial' built in the memory of the martyrs (who died during the war with China).

Another place of scenic beauty is Pashighat, the oldest city of Arunachal. On the other side, Itanagar host some lovely spots like the Ita Fort, Budhhist temple, Ganga Lake, Polo Park, Itanagar Sanctuary, Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Museum, etc. Parasuram Kund in the Tezu district is a popular Hindu pilgrimage destination. Apart from these, you can head to other places of interest like Khonsa, Mechuka, Malinithan, Tezu, Tuting, Tipi Orchidarium, Bhishmaknagar Fort and so on.

If you are an adventurer and want to experience something unique, then don't miss the river rafting, trekking and angling opportunities. Bomdila is a wonderful place for trekking. Rafting can be tried in the Brahmaputra, Subansari and Kameng river. You can even plan for a night stay in the camps. Some part of your journey will take you through the dense forest cover by the river.

The two national parks to visit here are the Namdhapa National Park (the largest in India) in Miao and Mouling National Park in Jengging. Wildlife sanctuaries like the Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary, Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary, Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary, etc., are worth visiting too.

Climatic Condition

The climate of the state depends on its altitude. The upper region of the state experiences the tundra climate (cold winter and short summer), while the middle region is more of the temperate type. The lower part has a sub-tropical climate with hot and humid temperature. The months between May and September receives heavy showers of rainfall. The best time to visit this state is between October and February.

People Culture & Language

The people of Arunachal Pradesh are mostly of Tibeto-Burman origin and Mongoloid. Though the people are not much religion conscious, they fall in certain groups like the Hindu, Donyi-Polo, Christianity and Buddhism.

Almost 75% of the population constitutes the tribal communities. More than 36 tribes reside here with over 300 sub-tribes. This state can linguistically surpass all other states in its variety with almost 50 different types. Hindi and Arunachali language are commonly spoken and understood by all. English is the official language and spoken in the cities. Tani, Mishmi, Monpa, Wancho, Dafla, Tagin, Idu, Miju, Nocte, etc., are more of the tribal languages spoken.

Interesting Aspects

  • Art & Craft - The handicraft of Arunachal Pradesh present some of the beautiful and innovative creations with bamboo and cane, weaving, wood carving, blacksmithy, etc.

  • Festivals- The festivals are quite appealing with cultural art, dance, music and craft activities. Tawang Festival is very popular organized in the month October. Parasuram Mela in the month of January attracts a lot of devotees in this pilgrimage site 'Parusuram Kund'.

  • Food - If you are visiting this state, never forget to taste the lip smacking local delicacies. Thupka (a special soup noodles), momo, zan, khura and gyapa khazi should not be missed!

Travellers will surely love the state of Arunachal Pradesh. Plan your tour well and indulge in the beauty of this land of orchids and dawn lit mountains. Indian tourist will require an Inner Line Permit from the Arunachal Pradesh Government offices, whereas the foreigners need a Protect Area Permit.