The colourful state of Assam is a hub of cultural heritage and natural beauty. Known for its exquisite red rivers, mountains, blue hills, fertile plains, all round greenery, tea plantations and other natural blessings, this land is one of the main regions of India. It is a famous pilgrimage spot as well and is a home to several cultural heritage hubs. Wildlife is a treasure of this state to pull the tourists from across the world throughout the year. One horned rhinoceros and some other rare species of animals are the main attractions of this land.
Assam is well connected to the seven other north eastern states known as its sister states. Bhutan and Bangladesh are its international borders and shares a major part of the South-east Asian culture. Dispur is the capital of this state and the largest city is Guwahati. A number of river sources flow along this land like the Brahmaputra, Barak, Bhoroli, Bhorolu and many other tributaries and sub-tributaries.
This state was popularly known as the Kamarupa and Pragjyotisha in the past. Pre-independence, Assam was one state but later witnessed several separations bordering Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram and Meghalaya. Currently, it has 27 districts with a sharp increase in population in some of the districts like Dhubri, Morigaon, Goalpara, Nagaon, Barpeta and Karimganj amongst others.
The main occupation of the state is agriculture with cultivation of rice, paddy, pulses, jute and fruit Tea plantation is a major asset in contributing to the economy along with silk of varied types.
Climate of the State
Assam is characterized by the tropical monsoon rainforest climate. Heavy rainfall is experienced with a high humid climate. The summers are short and hot, while winters are cold. Rainfall often clubs with thunderstorms making the temperature cool. Cherapunji receives the highest rainfall in the world. Winters are there from the month of October to February, the rest being rainy.
Inhabitants of the State
The people of Assam are called Assamese. They basically originated from Tibetan-Mongoloid, Aryan and Burman ethnic groups, who settled here and gave rise to a new community of Assamese. Many of them are the migrants from Burma and China. Some of the groups called Bodos, Nagas, Mikirs, Mizos and Lalungs amongst many others reside on this land.
The people mainly speak two main languages: Assamese and Bodo. However, a lot of them even speak Bengali, Nepali and Hindi. Other linguistic minorities are Tai, Santhali, Khasi, Garo and Bishnupriya Manipuri.
Major Attractions of the State
- River Brahmaputra will allow you to breathe fresh air and view the long stretch of water. You can go on a river cruise too.
- Guwahati is the largest city and hosts a number of sight-seeing spots. Kamakhya temple is very famous and one of the peeths of the Hindu religion. This temple is visited by thousands of devotees each day. Other places to see here are the Umananda temple, Shankardeva Kalashestra (the cultural congregation), Assam State Zoo and Botanical Garden and so on. Moving a bit away from this city, you can check out a few other places like Madan Kamdev, Sonapur, Chandrapur and the popular Chandubi Lake.
- A beautiful island on the river Brahmaputra will surprise you with its beauty in Majuli. It is said to be the largest river island in the whole world. There are a number of 'Xatras'(Satras) or monasteries that were built by the saint of the neo-vaishnavite called Kamalabari, Dakshinpat, Garamukh, Auniati, etc.
- Jatinga is a scenic village situated in the Dima Hasao district of Assam and is a place of an astonishing act. This is the place where the birds come and commit suicide during the late monsoon season with certain climatic conditions in place. Haflong is a hill station in the Dima Hasao district to spend a couple of days.
- There are many other pilgrimage centres like the Mahabhairav temple in Tezpur, Hajo (a unique place for the Hindus, Muslims and Buddhists), Tilan Mandir in Tinsukia, Balaji Temple around Guwahati, Nabagraha temple in Guwahati, etc.
- If you are visiting Assam, then you must see the lush green cover of tea plantation on this state in Shivasagar and Dibrugarh . Digboi also has the tea gardens along with a world known oil refinery. On the other side, Sualkuchi village is a wonderful place to find out the weaving of silk fabric.
- Discovering the wild life will be interesting in the Kaziranga, Manas, Dibru-Saikhowa, Rajiv Gandhi and Nameri National Parks and in other important sanctuaries of the state.
- Other interesting places to explore are Tezpur, Manas, Barpeta, Bomdila, Kaziranga, etc.
Other Interesting Aspects of the State
- Assam celebrates festivals of all religion. The Hindus get immersed in joy and festivity during the times of Durga Puja, Fatuwa or Dol Utsav, Janmashtami, Kali Puja, Manasa Puja and so on. The Muslims celebrate the Eid and Muhharam. The national festival of the state is Bihu, the agricultural first crop celebration, which is celebrated three times in a year.
- The traditional craft work of Assam is also quite famous and people around the world love to collect their piece of work, whenever they visit this place. Cane, wood, ivory and jewellery work show their true talent. The silk sarees here are woven and sold in the market, which is considered as a treasure of the state.
- The music and folk dances of Assam are also a part of their rich culture.
You can reach the state of Assam by air or by the road or railway. There are also north eastern inter- state taxi services that you can avail. Assam tourism can also help you to reach this place and arrange for your stay.
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