Chhatisgarh

Chhatisgarh is located in the central part of India and is a pioneer in steel and electricity production in the country. The region got an official identity as an independent state under the Union of India in 1960. Raipur is the capital and the territory is divided into 27 districts. The present territory is carved from the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. The state is called so because it is a combination of 36 different tribes. Its area is blessed with a strong cultural identity and has several pilgrimage destinations and archaeological sites to its credit. The national parks and waterfalls in the area attract a large number of tourists throughout the year.

Physical features

The state borders the six Indian states of Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Jharkhand, and Andhra Pradesh. The regions ranks 10th in terms of area and more than 44% of the area is covered with deciduous type of forests. The main rivers here are Mahanadi, Rihand, Indravati, Hasdo, and Jonk.

The region has a stable pattern of climate. Winters are quite pleasant while summers are fairly hot. The state also receives moderate rainfall. Monsoons are experienced in the months of June to October. Summers fall during April to June and the winter season occurs between November and January. The mercury level during summers ranges between 30-49 degree Celsius while it falls to 5 -25 degree Celsius in winters.

Demography and other facts

The state ranks 16th in the country with regards to population and has a low population density of just 190 people per sq km. The two official languages spoken in the region are Chhatisgarhi and Hindi. The overall rate of literacy is 71%. It is predominantly a Hindu society with more than 94% people practicing Hinduism. Only 2% of the people practice Islam while just 1.9% follow Christianity. The sex ratio here is approximately 991 females per 1000 males.

The region scores fairly good on the economic front as more than 15% of steel production in the country is carried here. Agriculture is the prime occupation as 80% of the population resides in rural areas.

The state is rich in mineral deposits. It ranks first in the country with respect to the production of coal and is also the second largest coal reserve. The iron ore production takes place in abundance in the area and it ranks third in this category. It is also the pioneer in the production of tin and is the only producer of tin ore in India. Some other minerals like bauxite, marble, limestone, diamonds, quartz, dolomite, and garnet are found in considerable amount here. More than 20% of the total cement in the country is produced here. It is a key exporter of steel, blended yarn, iron, cement, hand-looms, handicrafts, and aluminum.

Prime sightseeing spots

Temples form a major chunk of tourist sites in Chhatisgarh. The primary ones are Bambleshwari at Dongargarh, Chandrahasini in Chandrapur, Danteshwari at Dantewada, Bhorumdeo, Danteshwari at Jagdalpur, Laxman at Sirpur, Mahamaya at Ratanpur, and Vishnu at Janjgir. The other sites dedicated to Hindu religion are Radha-Krishna, Ram-Janki, and Rishadev temples at Damudhara, Champaran, Rajivalochan Temple at Ranjim, and Bagalamukhi Temple at Amleshwar.

Bastar Palace and Anthropological Museum at Jagdalpur is quite appreciated by tourists. The state is a great tourist destination if you are planning for a monsoon outing. There are several waterfalls in the region and each one is uniques in its own way with dazzling natural beauty all around. Chitrakote Waterfalls, also nicknamed as the Niagara Falls of India, will please you with its splendid natural beauty. They are located in Jagdalpur and have their origin in Indravati river. The falls are the broadest in the country.

Tirathgarh falls is another important tourist spot located near Jagdalpur. They are also called as the 'Milky Falls' due to the whitish appearance of the water. They form a part of the popular Kanger Valley National Park. Tamra Ghoomar Falls is a newly discovered site and is quite near to Chitrakote Falls. The falls at Mandawa, Ramdaha, Gavar Ghat, Jatmai-Ghatarani, Amrit Dhara, and Chitradhara also attract many tourists during monsoons. Amrit Dhara is famous for Mahashivaratri Mela. Akuri Nala is popularly called as the natural air-conditioner of Koriya. The area is blessed with unique natural beauty and is cold even in the summer season.

There are many national parks and sanctuaries in the region. The noted ones are Indravati National Park, Achanakmar Wildlife Sanctuary, Gomarda Forest Reserve, Kanger Valley National Park, and Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary. The important archaeological sites in the state are Malhar, Sirpur, Barsoor, Ratanpur, Thinthini Pathar, and Surguja.

Chhatisgarh is a good place to visit throughout the year. Monsoon time is the best to experience the natural beauty of the region while the winters offer you pleasant weather conditions to roam around. The tourism industry here is developing at a good pace to survive the competition from other states and you can expect excellent hospitality and living conditions while on the tour.