Jharkhand is a picturesque place mostly covered by the Chota Nagpur plateau. This state came into existence just about a decade back in the year 2000, demarcating itself from the southern Bihar. Blessed with a bountiful of natural resources and beauty, this state has become a great economy striver for the country. Apart from the agricultural and industrial contribution, tourism in this state is one of the main contributors of the economy. Filled with hills and valleys, forests, waterfalls, flowing river, mineral and wealth, wild life, religious sites, historical sites, etc., this land is a target travel destination for all segment of travelers.
This splendid state lies in the eastern part of India. Outlining its space in the southern part of Bihar, it is surrounded by Bihar, Orissa, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand. It is the industrial hub of India with main mineral resource centres in Rachi, Jamshedpur, Bokaro, Hazaribagh and Dhanbad. Ranchi is the capital of this state, while the city of Dumka is its sub-capital. Jamshedpur is the largest city and contributes to the maximum growth of the state, whereas the biggest steel plant of the country is situated in the city of Bokaro. Most of the land falls on the Chota Nagpur plateau with various source of rivers like Subarnalekha, Koel and Damodar. The other region covered includes the tribal belt or santhal parganas. Jharkhand is increasingly becoming populated with over 32 million of population over a total of 22 districts it has.
Jharkhand, as the name implies has been named because of the immense forest and green cover it is blessed with on the land. The wildlife is very active because of the forest cover and thus, is being maintained and preserved in the sanctuaries or national parks by the Government. Tiger, bison, Asian elephant, hyena, boar, wild cat, wolf, leopard, etc., are seen in the jungles. Most of the tourists are attracted to this place because of this vast forest cover to enjoy and experience the wildlife and birdlife.
People & Religion
Jharkhand is famous for the tribal section of people they have in its state. This region gives shelter to thousands of people from different tribal groups or adivasis. It has over 30 tribal groups like Bedia, Karmali, Asur, Oraon, Kora, Mundas, Santhals, Kol, Kanwar, Hos and other backward classes of people. They usually follow the Sarna religion with a strong belief in spiritual beings. The general people of Jharkhand reside mainly in the industrial cities and follow the religion of Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Jainism, Sikhism and Budhhism.
Hindi is the main language of the state. However, with different kinds of people from different religion and communities, other spoken languages followed here are Bengali, Oriya, Santhali, Mundari, Maithili, Kurmali, Nagpuri, Oraon and Paharia to name a few.
Climate & Season
The climate of this state is quite pleasant throughout the year with minor differentiation in different regions. Places like Ranchi, Parasnath, Netarhat, etc., are always pleasant. Other parts are mostly tropical in nature. Summers are hot from March to June, while winters are cold from November to January with temperature falling below 20 degree centigrade. July to September experiences heavy shower of rain.
- Adventure: Jharkhand is place to enjoy your holiday or weekend trip with adventure and fun. The wildlife safaris will make your journey memorable. To explore the forest and wild life cover, you must visit the Betla National Park in Palamu district, Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary and Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary.
- Beauty: Netarhat is a lovely hill station and is called the 'Queen of Chota Nagpur'. Ranchi hills, Hirni falls, Hundru falls, Dassam falls, Sita falls, Jonha falls, Dimna Lake, Chandil Lake, Buridih Dam, Maithon Lake, Tenughat, etc., are worth visiting.
- Religious: A lot of people are also interested to visit the religious sites. The Parasnath Hill in Hazaribagh, Baidyanath Dham, Nandan Pahar, Basikinath, Naulakha Mandir and Tapovan in Deogarh, Kalyaneshwari Temple near Maithon, Sun Temple in Bundu, Shakti Mandir, Lillori Sthan Mandir, Rajrappa, etc., are famous religious and pilgrimage sites in Jharkhand.
- Industrial Centres: Bokaro Steel Plant, Dhanbad Coal Mine, Iron & Stell Factory, Jamshedpur, Tata Steel Plant, etc.
- Some other spots include the Chattra with Raham cave, Sidpa Rock Shelter, Thetangi, Kalhua Pahari, etc. Other places to enjoy the beauty of nature and climate are Ghatshila, Madhupur, Deogarh, Simultala and Giridih.
How to Reach & Stay
The best time to explore this place is the time when the temperature is quite pleasant in between October and mid-February. This state is well connected by air routes, railway and bus services. The airport in Ranchi has numerous domestic and international airline services. The two main railway stations are in Ranchi and Hazaribagh, while National Highways connect this state to major metros and sub metros of India. One may also opt for private taxi services from various points within the country. Within Jharkhand, you will get bus, taxi and auto rickshaw services for your convenience of touring.
There are a myriad of private hotels and restaurants available in each place of Jharkhand. You may also contact the Jharkhand Tourism Development Corporation for booking of your hotel. Book you stay in advance within your budget. Food here is awesome and you should try the local and tribal delicacies for sure. Tilkut and Balusais are must tries if you have a sweet tooth.
If you want to explore the length of diversities in any state with ease, then plan a visit to Jharkhand and make your trip memorable forever!
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