Rajasthan

Rajasthan, the land of Maharajas, is one of the most historical places located in the northwestern part of India. Forts and palaces are the prime areas of interest in the area. The land is also a great preserver of cultural heritage. You may come across many Jain temples during the tour, some of which are older than 800 years. The tiger reserves in the state are highly popular among the tourists worldwide. Great boost in tourism industry has also paved way for tremendous development in the hotel industry here. Some of the best resorts in the country are located here.

Basic facts

The state came into effect as an independent territory of the Union of India in 1956. Jaipur is the capital city and the state is a combination of 33 districts. The official language of the area is Hindi. The region has an average literacy rate of around 68%. Hindus constitute more than 88% of the population while Muslims have a share of around 8%. The people belonging to Sikh, Jain, and Sindhi community also share a small proportion of the population. The area is moderately populated with an average density of just 200 persons per sq km and ranks 8th in the nation with regards to population.

Geography

It is the biggest state in India in terms of area. Majority of the territory is covered by Aravalli Range and Thar Desert. The main rivers of the region are Luni and Chambal. The climate here is divided into three basic seasons- winter, summer, and monsoon. Winters usually occur in the months of October to February. The temperature may range from below zero degree Celsius to around 10 degree Celsius. The summers are experienced in the months of march to June and are extremely hot. The mercury level may shoot up to 49 degree Celsius. The monsoon period is generally between July and September but the rainfall is quite scanty and irregular.

Places to visit

Jaipur is a celebrated tourist spot here. It is called as the 'Pink City of India' and is also nicknamed as 'Paris of India'. Some of the significant spots in the city are Hawa Mahal, Jantar Mantar, Nahargarh Fort, Rambagh Palace, Jaigarh Fort, Jal Mahal, Chokhi Dhani, Ram Niwas Garden, Garh Ganesh Temple. Ranakpur is popular for Adinath Jain Temple. The monument stands on more than 1400 pillars. The other unique attraction here is the marble carving of a snake with 108 heads.

Udaipur, the City of Lakes, is packed with sightseeing spots. The prominent ones are City Palace, Lake Palace, Jagdish Temple, Jag Mandir, Saheliyon-Ki-Bari, Doodh Talai, Udaipur Solar Observatory, Bagore-Ki-Haveli, Neemach Mata Temple, and Bhartiya Lok Kala Mandal. The six famous lakes in the region are Pichola, Fateh Sagar, Swaroopsagar, Udaisagar, Rangsagar, and Dudh Talai. Jaisalmer, the Golden City, is famous for forts and Jain temples. The Desert Culture Center and Museum and Jaisalmer Fort Palace Museum are worth watching.

Jodhpur, the Blue City, is known for Mehrangarh Fort, Kaylana Lake and Garden, Ghanta Ghar, Umaid Bhavan Palace, and Balsamand Lake. Tourists greatly appreciate the cuisines like Pyaaj Kachori and Dal Bati Churma. Pushkar town in Ajmer District is an important Hindu pilgrimage center. There is an age-old temple of Lord Brahma here. Some other temples in the town are Sri Sawai Bhoj, Varaha, Savitri, and Shri Vaikunthnathji. Pushkar Lake and Pushkar Camel Fair should not be missed on the tour.

Mount Abu is an important hill station in the Rajasthan. Its highest peak, Gurushikhar, is called as 'an oasis in the desert' due to its distinct geographical location. A few temples in the mountains are Adhar Devi, Shri Raghunathji, Kantinath, Achaleshwar Mahadev, and Dilwara Temples. The headquarters of Brahmakumaris is located in the region. Wildlife lovers can enjoy the safari to Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary.

Ajmer is a noted pilgrimage center dedicated to the Sufi Saint Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti. You should also see Taragarh Fort, Adhai Din ka Jhonpda, Anasagar Lake, Nareli Jain Temple, and Soniji ki Nasiyan. Bikaner is known for snacks, sweets, and namkeen items. The sites of Junagarh Fort, Lalgarh Palace, and Laxmi Niwas Palace are some of the best man-made architectures. The camel festival here is famous worldwide. Some of the important temples in the area include Maru Nayak Ji, Bhandasar Jain Temple, Karni Mata, Laxmi Nath, and Mukam. Bundi has a great collection of palaces, forts, and baoris (a kind of step-well reservoir).

Ranthambore National Park and Sariska Tiger Reserve are the important wildlife sanctuaries in the state and are known for good population of tigers. Desert National Park, Tal Chappar Sanctuary, Keoladeo National Park, Bhensrod Garh Sanctuary, Jaisamand Sanctuary, Jawahar Sagar Sanctuary, Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary, Darrah Sanctuary, and Sita Mata Wildlife Sanctuary are a house for a variety of animal and bird species.

Rajasthan is a idle destination for wildlife lovers. Camels of the desert here are highly trained to give an enriched experience to tourists. Do plan your trip well in advance to coordinate the sightseeing locations properly. The hotel industry here is sufficiently developed to take care of your living and diet needs. So, get set for the dazzling experience.