India at a Glance

India is a huge and intriguing country. It is one of the oldest inhabited regions of the earth. When God descended from the heaven to find a place where He could rest and plan the life and death circle for the future generation, He found this land the most alluring. Many regions in this country still have traces and evidence of His sojourn on this land. No wonder, it is also called the God's land. The incredible numbers of temples built centuries ago by the rulers in the country that are found right from the base of the great Himalayas to the end of Kanyakumari are great examples that connects India with the almighty.

India with a glance

India has developed its own culture and institutions from the age of great Indus civilization that was about 2,600 BC. It has multicolored facets of customs and breeding. Within a few centuries, the people living in that era had started farming for survival. Wheat, barley and peas were the agricultural products and the farming tools were in bronze. Grazing and raising cattle, sheep and goats were normal routine. They even made ceramics that can used in daily living purposes. For transportation, they made carts and used bullock to pull it. Clothing needs were accomplished by spinning cotton which was also traded with other communities as far as Iraq. Mohenjo-daro and Harrapa were the planned towns of this society.

The next ethnic group that came to India were the Aryans who were originally from the central Asia. They entered India from Afghanistan after 1500 BC. They were the itinerants who used to travel from places to places rather than staying in one place. However, soon they realized the potential of the land and started building their base. They started controlling the people and settled down as farmers. Very soon, they build up an organized society and formed a kingdom of their own. They performed the role of farmers, merchants, warriors and became the rulers by enslaving people. They also developed a firm caste system entirely dictated by their terms and conditions.

The Hindu religion also evolved at this time. A sacred Hindu literature called The Vedas was transmitted in a book. The Aryans also learned to produce rice, including other crops. The rice farming started flourishing in India by 600 BC. The self-sufficiency in agricultural production gave rise to trade and commerce. This helped people to build and start living in towns. As a result, this gave birth to a highly civilized society in India. Hence, it can be said that India civilization is one of the oldest in the world which emerged around 600 BC.

Though agriculture is its core strength, India has also made progress in science, technology and medicine. It is one of the few countries that has reached beyond the earth's surface. It has a total area of 32, 87, 263 sq. km. This huge area starts from the tip of the Himalayan heights and touches the extreme ends of the south passing through tropical forests.

Location of India:

It is situated towards the northern hemisphere at 8° 4'37° 6' north latitude and 68° 7' and 97° 25' east longitude. The groups of mountains, rivers, oceans and seas are the demarcation that makes it separate from other subcontinent countries. Towards its north, it is guarded by the great Himalayas. It stretches through the Tropic of Cancer towards the south. It narrows down towards the Indian Ocean with Bay of Bengal on the east and the Arabian Sea on the west. The total land boundaries it covers is about 15,200 km. It covers 7,516. 6 km of coastline that includes Lakshadweep Islands and the Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

Neighboring Countries:

India shares boundaries with many Asian countries. Pakistan and Afghanistan are to the west. Bangladesh and Myanmar lie next to the eastern boundaries. The northern boundary is shared by China, Nepal, Bhutan, and Tibet. The Palk Strait and the Gulf of Manner towards the south separate India and Sri Lanka.

Number of States and its Capital:

With few new inclusions in the recent years, the total number of states in India has gone up to 28. It also has seven union territories and New Delhi is the capital.

Climate of India:

When talking about the climate of India, one can easily describe it as a tropical monsoon. It has four seasons:

Winter (December to February)
Summer (March - June)
Monsoon (June - September) and
Post Monsoon (October - November)

National Days and National Flag:

26th January (Republic Day)
15th Augst (Independence Day)
2nd October (Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti)

India has a tricolor horizontal flag divided equally into three colours. The top part of the flag is in saffron (kesaria), the middle one is in white and the bottom portion is in dark green. The national flag has a navy blue wheel at the centre which represents the Asoka Chakra.

Judicial Branch:

The Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial authority. Then, there are High Courts and other district courts included in the legal system as well.

Indian Political System and Government:

India is a democratic country where people elect their representatives. It formed its constitution in 1950 which is based on the British model. Being a large country, there are many political parties. The ruling party at present is Congress and major opposition party is the Bharitiya Janta Party. Each state has a legislative assembly and the head of the state takes and implement policies for the well-being of its citizen under the guidance of the central government.

This brief description is enough to provide you with information about India at a glance. For more information, we have posted several articles that will help you in getting familiar with this beautiful country.