Guru Nanak is the founder of the Sikh religion and he started this religion at the end of fifteenth century. Sikhism is the combination of both the best from Hinduism and Islamic religions. In India there are 18 million Sikhs and most of them are found in the state of Punjab. The Golden Temple in 'Amritsar' in Punjab state is the Sikh's holiest shrine.
The Sikhs is the basic word mainly derived from the Sanskrit word 'disciples'. Turbans and beards and the main distinctive things observed about Sikhs. They represent less than 25% of the population both politically and economically.
There are many Sikhs lives in major cities of India and plays important role in India's major institutions. Sikhism is actually a reaction against the caste system and domination of ritual by the Brahmin. The Sikh's holy text, 'the Guru Granth Sahib' includes the teachings of all the ten Sikh gurus.
The main aspects of the Guru Nanak teachings are as follows:
- God is the creator of the whole universe for his own purpose.
- God is the creator of all types of species.
- God created all of the human beings with equal importance regardless of the colour, gender, race or ethnic origin.
Sikhism says believe in one god and don't follow idols worshiping. Just like Hindus and Buddhists, Sikhs also accept the cycle of birth and death as well as rebirth and karma. Gurudwaras are the Sikh's temples and these temples have a nishan sahib - flagpole a triangular flag flying with the Sikh insignia.
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