Languages of India

Language is a mean of communication. It helps us understand the overall grooming of a person. It also allows us to recognize which ethnic group a person belongs to. Before the civilization when people used to dwell in caves, signs were used to pass on messages. As years passed by, the sign language started taking shape of verbal communication. Each group and tribe developed their own style which became their identities. Today, the world is a civilized place and there are countless of languages that have been evolved. However, the evolution of languages in India has caught the interest of many scholars the world wide. This is the only land in the world where you will hear lingo in different forms and accent.

India is the richest country in terms of languages. There are hundreds of vernaculars in this hypnotic country. Most of these have earned the official status in the Indian constitution while others are recognized according to the accent spoken in that particular region. All the sources of communications have distinct features and variations. However, Hindi is the official and most widely means of communication in India. In fact, it is known as the Hindi-speaking nation even though there are many native languages that are equally used in different parts. Since India is a progressing country and have been under the British rule for around two centuries, we are the second largest English-speaking nation and as such English has been used as the second official mode of conversation.

Each region of the country has its own flavour and peculiarities. Mostly, the geography location dominates the style and diction. In Jammu and Kashmir, you will listen to three different accents. They are Dogri, Ladacki and Kashmiri. Towards the northeast in the Sikkim region, you will get to hear Nepali. In addition, English is also used spoken in this part to a much extent. On the other hand, Manipuri dialect is dominating Manipur and Assami in Assam. Most of the northern state and the central region of India speak Hindi. Then, there are some tongues that have been migrated with people. For example, the Persian diction is spoken by the Parsi community of India. This particular style belongs the Indo-Iranian group of languages since these people came and settled in India from Iran. Even the Sindhi speech is originated from Sindh which is present in Pakistan. As this country was also invaded and ruled by the Islamic rulers, the majority of the Muslims in India speaks Urdu.

Though Hindi is largely spoken in India, you will still find many variations and dialects when you start conversing with people living in the north state and Himachal Pradesh. The Jats and Rajput communities from the north have different accents. People from Bihar have another style of pronouncing words and we can make easily make out where they are born and raised. Hindi also has a different version and dialect in east India. There is quite a similarity between this Hindi and Maithali. However, speakers and scholars who are used to with this language regard it different from Hindi. It is difficult to grasp their meaning and accent. Same is the case with the Rajasthani Hindi. The fact that Rajasthan is a home to different ethnic groups, there are variations in the way these people communicate.

You can also add Konkani in the list of regionally influenced languages. It is spoken in the coastal area of Konkan and Goa. Most of the words that are used in this conversation mode is derived from Marathi which is primarily spoken in Maharashtra. To understand more, it is essential to classify the categories of Indian languages. They are Indo-Aryan, Dravidian, Austro-Asiatic and Tibeto-Burman. The Indo-Aryan form is mainly spoken in the north and central part of India. The Dravidian style is largely used in the south of India. The Austro-Asiatic is used in Assam who have settled in this land for centuries and passed on this conversational medium to their future generation. The Tibeto-Burman style is used in the northern Himalayan region and near the border of Burma.

All the parlance that is currently used in India have its own history. Each tradition and culture that evolved in the country gave birth to a different style of speaking. Even the holy books pertaining to a particular faith and belief are written differently. For instance, the holy books of Hindu religion are in Sanskrit. The followers of Buddhism have written theirs in Pali. Similarly, the Jain has them in Ardhamaghadi. Out of these, Sanskrit is still being used and is regarded as the official language of India. It is more than 5000 years old and said to be used by those saints who used to mediate and live a life of a recluse. Many modern languages spoken in India and other parts of the world are derived from Sanskrit. Therefore, it is also called as the mother of many languages.

Indian languages have a rich history. Though not all languages have obtained the official status yet, they are still used in different states. The Indian Constitution allows the state governments to include the language in the legislative assembly that are predominant in their province. In a matter of years, there will more languages of India that will get the official merit in their particular region.

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