Information on Daman and Diu,India
112 square kilometers
Gujarati and Marathi
The altitude of the Daman Diu islands is 12 meters. And the climate that prevails in these islands have the temperature in summer as Maximum 36 c and minimum is 20 c while in the winter season the maximum tamperature is 26 c and minimum is 20 c,The best season to visit the place is from October to May.
The people of Daman and Diu are not different from the people in the adjoining Gujarat area. They have same outlook and the same customs and traditions. The population comprises of Hindus and few Christians and Muslims.
The important field and garden crops grown in the district of Daman,are paddy,Ragi,groundnut,pulses and beans,wheat,banana,sapota and mango.
The total number of industrial units registered as small scale industries in Daman And Diu together are about 535. The main industrial area of the union territory are Somnath,Dabhel,Bhimpore and Kadaiya.
From the 8th to 13th century,Daman and Diu was a part of Goa and was ruled by the Chowda Rajputs who were overpowered by the Muslims in 1330. After about 200 years it was conquered by the Portuguese who ruled Goa for 451 years (1510-1961).
When Bahadur Shah,Sultan of Gujarat,was attacked by the Mughal Emperor Humayun he entered into a defensive alliance with the Portuguese and allowed them in 1535 to construct a fortress on the Island and maintain a garrison there. Later several attempts were made by the rulers of Gujarat in 1536,1545 and 1546 respectively to oust the Portuguese from the Fort of Diu but to no avail.
By the Treaty of 1543 the cessation of Diu to the Portuguese was finally confirmed. The fortress of Diu,an imposing structure was reconstructed after the siege of 1545 by Dom Joao de Castro. By the middle of the 16th century the Portuguese were able to annex Salcete and Bardez Talukas and the coastal areas,north of Bombay and the pockets of Daman and Diu.
In 1670, a small armed band of the Arabs of Muscat plundered the fortress, ending the colonial rule. The different land blocks on the west coast of India, Daman, Diu and Goa came to form one political unit after liberation from the erstwhile Portuguese regime in 1961. In 1987, when Goa become a full-fledged state, Daman and Diu were separated from Goa.