Haryana was declared as an official state under the Union of India in 1966. Chandigarh is the state capital which it also shares with Punjab. It is bordered by the three other states like Punjab, Rajasthan, and Himachal Pradesh. The region has several accolades to its account.
It is one of the wealthiest independent states in India. Also, the per capita income here is quite good in comparison to other areas. The region is also a house for the highest number of rural millionaires in the country. It is also the prime hub of the automobile manufacturing industry in India. Panipat refinery is the second biggest of its kind in the whole of South Asia. Let us have a look at the typical features of the region and understand the scope of tourism within.
Geographical features and climate
Haryana is a completely land-locked state and situated at an altitude of 700-3600 feet above MSL (Mean Sea Level). More than 1500 sq km of the area is under forest cover. The state is virtually divided into four main geographical features as Aravalli Range, Shivalik Hills, Yamuna-Ghaggar Plain, and semi-desert sandy plain. Ghaggar is the prime River in the region. The Yamuna flows from the boundary on the Eastern side.
Climate here is much similar with rest of the country. Winters are too cold and the temperature may drop to as low as 1 degree Celsius. In summers, the mercury level can go up to 50 degree Celsius. December and January is the coldest period while May and June is the hottest. Aravalli Ranges experience scarce rains while the Shivalik Hills receive maximum rainfall.
The region is moderately populated with an average population density of 573 per sq km. Its pan-India rank is 16 and 20 with regards to population and area respectively. The sex ratio here is 877 females per 1000 males. It is basically a Hindu-dominated area with more than 88% people belonging to this religion.
The other communities like Muslims and Sikhs constitute 5.78% and 5.53% of the population. Some other communities like Jains and Buddhists are also present in a few numbers in Haryana. The people here speak Haryanvi, Hindi, and Punjabi.
Flora and Fauna
The state bird of Haryana is black francolin and the symbolic animal of the region is black buck. Peepal is the state symbol in the category of trees. Lotus is the state flower. Majority of the forest cover constitutes deciduous, thorny, and dry forests. A few prominent trees in the region are pine, shisham, mulberry, eucalyptus, babul, and kikar. Mongoose, panther, black buck, jackal, fox, wild dog, and nilgai. More than 300 different types of birds are found here.
Major places of interest in Haryana
Yamuna Nagar is a major industrial belt in the state. It houses Asia’s biggest paper mill BILT. Asia’s biggest sugar factory is also situated in this belt. It also has the prestige of running the largest timber industry in Asia. The largest workshop of Indian Railways is located here. The belt also has a reputation as a steel and brass industry.
Gurgaon is a major hub for Information Technology biggies. Faridabad is also a popular destination for large-scale industries. On your visit, you can see the manufacturing units of a number of brands like Whirlpool, Goodyear, and Yamaha. Panipat is known for its quality hand-loom weaving. It is the biggest centre for carpets and blankets in the country. The area is also popular for pickles from Pachranga International. Ambala, also known as the ‘Science City’, is the biggest exporter of scientific and other educational apparatus in the country. It also hosts India’s largest wholesale cloth market in Haryana.
A few important temples in the area are Bhawani Amba, Bishnoi Mandir, Shiv Mandir, Kali Mata, Jawala Maleshvara tirath, Sheesh Mahal, Bhuteshvara, Sheetala Devi, Jayanti Devi, the Brick Temples in Kaithal, and Jain temples. The prime pilgrimage spots are Kurukeshetra, Thanesar, Panchkula, Jyotisar, and Pehowa. Kurukeshetra is an important location as it holds the collection of historical events that led to the foundation of Hinduism. Bhishma Kund, Sannihit Sarovar, Brahma Sarovar, and Sri Krishna Museum in the area are worth visiting. Panchkula is popular for Morni Hills, Mansa Devi Temple, and Pinjore. Jyotisar is considered as the cradle of Hinduism and Hindu Civilization. Thanesar and Pehowa hold a rich culture of ancient temples.
Some of the noted gurudwaras are Sis Ganj, Sangat Sahib, The Badshahi Bag, Dhamtan Sahib, and Manji Sahib. St. Paul’s Church is an important center for Christians. A few Muslim shrines in the state are Khera Baba, Humayun Tomb, Lat Ki Masjid, tomb of Khwaja Pir, Ibrahim Lodhi’s Tomb, shrine of Lohar Pir, Bu Ali Shah Qalandar Dargah, and tomb of Razia Sultan.
Sultanpur bird sanctuary and Saraswati Plantation Wildlife Sanctuary are the notable national parks in the region. Badkal lake, Karna Lake, Yadavindra Gardens, Bhindawas Lake, and Saras are quite appreciated by tourists. The state also offers a good treat for adventure-lovers. The White water of Yamuna is popular for river rafting. You can also enjoy rock climbing near Damdama Lake, or cruise a boat near the Morni Hills.
Haryana is a fast developing state in the country with an average growth rate of 8.1%. The tourism industry here is progressing fast and is quite competent to provide the best living and sightseeing options to tourists.