Information on New Delhi,India
1,483 square kilometers.
The climate of New Delhi is of continental nature because of the the distance from the sea. The summers in New Delhi are very hot and winters very cold. The temperature range varies from 45 degrees in summers to 4 degrees in winters. The winters in Delhi are marked by mist,fog and very chilly. While in summers the heat wave is immense.
The best season to visit New Delhi is during the spring seasons of February to April and August to November. The bloom season of February and March make New Delhi colourful. This time of the year brings greenery on the face of New Delhi.
People from all over India stay in Delhi,due to the influence of it being the capital of India. The people of different religions,castes and sub-castes reside in Delhi though Old Delhi is majorly populated by Muslim people.
Important crops grown in the union territory are wheat,gram,Bajra and Jowar. The important trading centres in Delhi are fruit and vegetable market,food grain market,fodder market,cloth market,bicycle market,dry fruit market and hosiery and general market. Readymade garments are one of the most important goods that are manufactured and exported.
Delhi has a rich heritage of skilled craftsmen and industries like Jewellery, embroidery, silver vases and bowls and tea sets, ornamental jewel boxes made of brass, silk and silk embroidery, ivory carvings, handloom, textiles, copper and brass utensils.
Due to its cosmopolitan nature Delhi calebrates all the major festivities of India. Also some of the festivals organized and celebrated are the International Kite lying festival,Garden Tourism Festival and Mango Festival.
People of Delhi belong to various castes and sub-castes. ‘Old’ Delhi that was some time the capital of Muslim India in between the mid-17th and late 19th centuries,is full of formidable mosques,monuments and forts. It’s a lively area of colorful bazaars,narrow streets and barely controlled chaos. The historic Purana Qila has witnessed Delhi’s rejuvenation,periods of anarchy, and the rise and fall of various empires.
Delhi was made the capital of an independent kingdom by Tomars in 736 AD and gradually it became the capital city. At the end of the 12th century Delhi was captured by the Muslim emperors. Qutab-ub-din,Iltumish,Khiljis,Tughlaqs and Mughals were among the Mughal emperors who ruled Delhi.
In 1803 A.D. Delhi came into the hands of the British. Delhi was the focal point for the first war of independence in 1857. But only in 1911, Delhi was made the capital of the British empire when they switched off from their previous capital i.e. Calcutta.
All the freedom-oriented activities during the freedom struggle were directed towards Delhi. Thus, Delhi also bears the marks of the freedom struggle. After India’s independence in 1956 Delhi was converted into a Union territory and remained the capital of the Indian territory.